The Trade Unions Act, 1926

The Trade Unions Act is a legislation that regulates the functioning of trade unions in India.

Trade UnionsLabour LawIndustrial RelationsWorkers' RightsEmployment Law

Summary

The Trade Unions Act, 1926 was enacted to provide for the registration and regulation of trade unions in India. The act defines a trade union as any combination, whether temporary or permanent, formed primarily for the purpose of regulating the relations between workmen and employers or between workmen and workmen, or between employers and employers, or for imposing restrictive conditions on the conduct of any trade or business, and includes any federation of two or more trade unions. The act provides for the registration of trade unions with the Registrar of Trade Unions and sets out the requirements for registration, including the submission of a copy of the union's rules and regulations, membership details, and financial statements. The act also lays down provisions for the management of trade unions, including the election of office bearers and the audit of accounts. The act prohibits certain actions by trade unions, such as calling for or endorsing strikes that are deemed to be illegal, and provides for penalties in case of contravention.

CHAPTER I
PRELIMINARY

Section 1 : Short title, extent and commencement

Section 2 : Definitions

CHAPER II
REGISTRATION OF TRADE UNIONS

Section 3 : Appointment of Registrars

Section 4 : Mode of registration

Section 5 : Application for registration

Section 6 : Provisions to be contained in the rules of a Trade Union

Section 7 : Power to call for further particulars and to require alteration of name

Section 8 : Registration

Section 9 : Certificate of registration

Section 10 : Cancellation of registration

Section 11 : Appeal

Section 12 : Registered office

Section 13 : Incorporation of registered Trade Unions

Section 14 : Certain Acts not to apply to registered Trade Unions

CHAPTER III
RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES OF REGISTERED TRADE UNIONS

Section 15 : Objects on which general funds may be spent

Section 16 : Constitution of a separate fund for political purposes

Section 17 : Criminal conspiracy in trade disputes

Section 18 : Immunity from civil suit in certain cases

Section 19 : Enforceability of agreements

Section 20 : Right to inspect books of Trade Union

Section 21 : Rights of minors to membership of Trade Unions

Section 21A : Disqualifications of office-bearers of Trade Unions

Section 22 : Proportion of office-bearers to be connected with the industry

Section 23 : Change of name

Section 24 : Amalgamation of Trade Unions

Section 25 : Notice of change of name or amalgamation

Section 26 : Effects of change of name and of amalgamation

Section 27 : Dissolution

Section 28 : Returns

CHAPTER IV
REGULATIONS

Section 29 : Power to make regulations

Section 30 : Publication of regulations

CHAPTER V
PENALTIES AND PROCEDURE

Section 31 : Failure to submit returns

Section 32 : Supplying false information regarding Trade Unions

Section 33 : Cognizance of offences

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