The Right to Information Act, 2005

The Right to Information Act, 2005 is an Indian law that mandates transparency and accountability in the functioning of public authorities by giving citizens the right to access information held by them.

Right To Information ActTransparencyAccountabilityPublic AuthoritiesInformationCentral Information CommissionState Information CommissionsPublic Information Officers

Summary

The Right to Information Act, 2005 was enacted to provide citizens with the right to access information held by public authorities. The Act requires public authorities to disclose information that is requested by citizens, subject to certain exemptions. The Act mandates that public authorities maintain records, publish certain types of information, and appoint Public Information Officers (PIOs) to provide information to citizens. The Act also establishes the Central Information Commission (CIC) and State Information Commissions (SICs) to handle complaints and appeals related to information requests. The Act is applicable to all states and union territories of India, except Jammu and Kashmir.

CHAPTER I
PRELIMINARY

Section 1 : Short title, extent and commencement

Section 2 : Definitions

CHAPTER II
RIGHT TO INFORMATION AND OBLIGATIONS OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES

Section 3 : Right to information

Section 4 : Obligations of public authorities

Section 5 : Designation of Public Information Officers

Section 6 : Request for obtaining information

Section 7 : Disposal of request

Section 8 : Exemption from disclosure of information

Section 9 : Grounds for rejection to access in certain cases

Section 10 : Severability

Section 11 : Third party information

CHAPTER III
THE CENTRAL INFORMATION COMMISSION

Section 12 : Constitution of Central Information Commission

Section 13 : Terms of office and conditions of service

Section 14 : Removal of Chief Information Commissioner or Information Commissioner

CHAPTER IV
THE STATE INFORMATION COMMISSION

Section 15 : Constitution of State Information Commission

Section 16 : Term of office and conditions of service

Section 17 : Removal of State Chief Information Commissioner or State Information Commissioner

CHAPTER V
POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE INFORMATION COMMISSIONS, APPEAL AND PENALTIES

Section 18 : Powers and functions of Information Commissions

Section 19 : Appeal

Section 20 : Penalties

CHAPTER VI
MISCELLANEOUS

Section 21 : Protection of action taken in good faith

Section 22 : Act to have overriding effect

Section 23 : Bar of jurisdiction of courts

Section 24 : Act not to apply to certain organisations

Section 25 : Monitoring and reporting

Section 26 : Appropriate Government to prepare programmes

Section 27 : Power to make rules by appropriate Government

Section 28 : Power to make rules by competent authority

Section 29 : Laying of rules

Section 30 : Power to remove difficulties

Section 31 : Repeal

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