The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991

The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 is a law that provides for the establishment of an insurance pool to provide compensation to victims of industrial accidents.

Public Liability InsuranceIndustrial AccidentsHazardous SubstancesNuclear InstallationsLiability


The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 is an Indian law that aims to provide relief to the victims of industrial accidents. It establishes an insurance pool to provide compensation to those affected by accidents that occur while handling hazardous substances. The Act covers all industries that handle hazardous substances, including nuclear installations, and the insurance pool is funded by contributions from these industries. The Act also outlines the liability of the owner or operator of an industrial unit in case of an accident, and sets out the procedures for making claims and calculating compensation. The Act is a crucial piece of legislation for protecting the rights and interests of victims of industrial accidents.

Section 1 : Short title and commencement

Section 2 : Definitions

Section 3 : Liability to give relief in certain cases on principle of no fault

Section 4 : Duty of owner to take out insurance policies

Section 5 : Verification and publication of accident by Collector

Section 6 : Application for claim for relief

Section 7 : Award of relief

Section 7A : Establishment of Environmental Relief Fund

Section 8 : Provisions as to other right to claim compensation for death, etc

Section 9 : Power to call for information

Section 10 : Power of entry and inspection

Section 11 : Power of search and seizure

Section 12 : Power to give directions

Section 13 : Power to make application to Courts for restraining owner from handling hazardous substances

Section 14 : Penalty for contravention of sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) of section 4 or failure to comply with directions under section 12

Section 15 : Penalty for failure to comply with direction under section 9 or order under section 11 or obstructing any person in discharge of his functions under section 10 or 11

Section 16 : Offences by companies

Section 17 : Offences by Government Departments

Section 18 : Cognizance of offences

Section 19 : Power to delegate

Section 20 : Protection of action taken in good faith

Section 21 : Advisory Committee

Section 22 : Effect of other laws

Section 23 : Power to make rules

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