The Payment of Wages Act, 1936

The Payment of Wages Act regulates the payment of wages to employees in India.

Payment Of Wages ActEmployee WagesTimely Payment Of WagesWage RegistersDeductions From WagesWage StatementsIndian Labour Law


The Payment of Wages Act, 1936 is an Indian legislation that governs the payment of wages to employees in India. The act mandates that wages be paid in a timely and accurate manner and prohibits unauthorized deductions from employee wages. It also sets standards for the maintenance of wage registers and requires that employees be provided with a written statement of their wages and deductions. The act applies to all employees in India who earn less than a specified amount (currently INR 24,000 per month) and covers various industries such as factories, railways, mines, and plantations.

Section 1 : Short title, extent, commencement and application

Section 2 : Definitions

Section 3 : Responsibility for payment of wages

Section 4 : Fixation of wage-periods

Section 5 : Time of payment of wages

Section 6 : Wages to be paid in current coin or currency notes or by cheque or crediting in bank account

Section 7 : Deductions which may be made from wages

Section 8 : Fines

Section 9 : Deductions for absence from duty

Section 10 : Deductions for damage or loss

Section 11 : Deductions for services rendered

Section 12 : Deductions for recovery of advances

Section 12A : Deductions for recovery of loans

Section 13 : Deductions for payments to co-operative societies and insurance schemes

Section 13A : Maintenance of registers and records

Section 14 : Inspectors

Section 14A : Facilities to be afforded to Inspectors

Section 15 : Claims arising out of deductions from wages or delay in payment of wages and penalty for malicious or vexatious claims

Section 16 : Single application in respect of claims from unpaid group

Section 17 : Appeal

Section 17A : Conditional attachment of property of employer or other person responsible for payment of wages

Section 18 : Powers of authorities appointed under section 15

Section 19 : [Omitted]

Section 20 : Penalty for offences under the Act

Section 21 : Procedure in trial of offences

Section 22 : Bar of Suits

Section 22A : Protection of action taken in good faith

Section 23 : Contracting out

Section 24 : Delegation of powers

Section 25 : Display by notice of abstracts of the Act

Section 25A : Payment of undisbursed wages in cases of death of employed person

Section 26 : Rule-making power

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