The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010

The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 is a legislation that aims to provide effective and speedy disposal of cases related to environmental protection and conservation.

National Green TribunalEnvironmental DisputesEnvironmental ProtectionConservationEnvironmental Regulatory AuthoritiesCompensationRestitution

Summary

The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 establishes a specialized court called the National Green Tribunal (NGT) to handle environmental disputes and violations. The NGT has jurisdiction over all civil cases related to environmental issues and has the power to hear appeals from orders and decisions of various environmental regulatory authorities. The Act also lays down the qualifications, appointments, and functioning of the NGT and its members, as well as the procedures and rules for adjudicating cases. The Act seeks to promote the protection and conservation of the environment and natural resources, and provides for remedies such as compensation and restitution in case of environmental damage.

CHAPTER I
PRELIMINARY

Section 1 : Short title and commencement

Section 2 : Definitions

CHAPTER II
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE TRIBUNAL

Section 3 : Establishment of Tribunal

Section 4 : Composition of Tribunal

Section 5 : Qualifications for appointment of Chairperson, Judicial Member and Expert Member

Section 6 : Appointment of Chairperson, Judicial Member and Expert Member

Section 7 : Term of office and other conditions of service of Chairperson, Judicial Member and Expert Member

Section 8 : Resignation

Section 9 : Salaries, allowances and other terms and conditions of service

Section 10 : Removal and suspension of Chairperson, Judicial Member and Expert Member

Section 11 : To act as Chairperson of Tribunal or to discharge his functions in certain circumstances

Section 12 : Staff of Tribunal

Section 13 : Financial and administrative powers of Chairperson

CHAPTER III
JURISDICTION, POWERS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE TRIBUNAL

Section 14 : Tribunal to settle disputes

Section 15 : Relief, compensation and restitution

Section 16 : Tribunal to have appellate jurisdiction

Section 17 : Liability to pay relief or compensation in certain cases

Section 18 : Application or appeal to Tribunal

Section 19 : Procedure and powers of Tribunal

Section 20 : Tribunal to apply certain principles

Section 21 : Decision to be taken by majority

Section 22 : Appeal to Supreme Court

Section 23 : Cost

Section 24 : Deposit of amount payable for damage to environment

Section 25 : Execution of award or order or decision of Tribunal

CHAPTER IV
PENALTY

Section 26 : Penalty for failure to comply with orders of Tribunal

Section 27 : Offences by companies

Section 28 : Offences by Government Department

CHAPTER V
MISCELLANEOUS

Section 29 : Bar of jurisdiction

Section 30 : Cognizance of offences

Section 31 : Members and staff of Tribunal to be public servants

Section 32 : Protection of action taken in good faith

Section 33 : Act to have overriding effect

Section 34 : Power to amend Schedule I

Section 35 : Power to make rules

Section 36 : Amendment of certain enactments

Section 37 : Power to remove difficulties

Section 38 : Repeal and savings

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