The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019

The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019 is an Indian law that criminalizes instant triple talaq and protects the rights of Muslim women in marriage.

Muslim WomenTriple TalaqMarriage RightsDivorce LawIndian Penal CodeMuslim CommunityCustody Law

Summary

The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019 is a law enacted by the Parliament of India with the aim to protect the rights of Muslim women and prohibit the practice of instant triple talaq. Instant triple talaq is a practice where a Muslim man can divorce his wife by uttering the word 'talaq' three times in one go, without any attempt at reconciliation. This act declares the practice of instant triple talaq as void and illegal, and makes it a punishable offence. The law also provides for a subsistence allowance to Muslim women who have been divorced through instant triple talaq, and for custody of their minor children. The act has been controversial, with some critics arguing that it may not be effective in protecting women's rights and may lead to further stigmatization of the Muslim community.

CHAPTER I
PRELIMINARY

Section 1 : Short title, extent and commencement

Section 2 : Definitions

CHAPTER II
DECLARATION OF TALAQ TO BE VOID AND ILLEGAL

Section 3 : Talaq to be void and illegal

Section 4 : Punishment for pronouncing talaq

CHAPTER III
PROTECTION OF RIGHTS OF MARRIED MUSLIM WOMEN

Section 5 : Subsistence allowance

Section 6 : Custody of minor children

Section 7 : Offence to be cognizable, compoundable, etc

Section 8 : Repeal and savings

To read this Act offline, get our "Kanoon Library" Mobile App

Kanoon Library Android App - Play Store LinkKanoon Library iOS App - App Store Link