The Limitation Act, 1963

The Limitation Act, 1963 outlines the time limits for filing lawsuits in India.

Limitation ActIndian Statute Of LimitationsTime Limits For Filing LawsuitsMaximum Time Period For LawsuitsContractsTortsSuits For Possession Of PropertyLimitation Period ExtensionLimitation Period SuspensionFraudMistakeDisability

Summary

The Limitation Act, 1963 is an Indian statute of limitations that sets out the time limits within which legal proceedings must be initiated in India. The Act establishes the maximum time period for which a lawsuit can be brought after the occurrence of a particular event. It provides a framework for determining the limitation period applicable to different types of legal actions, such as contracts, torts, and suits for possession of property. The Act also outlines the circumstances under which the limitation period may be extended or suspended, such as in cases of fraud, mistake, or disability. The purpose of the Act is to ensure that disputes are resolved in a timely manner and to prevent the filing of frivolous or stale claims.

PART I
PRELIMINARY

Section 1 : Short title, extent and commencement

Section 2 : Definitions

PART II
LIMITATION OF SUITS, APPEALS AND APPLICATIONS

Section 3 : Bar of limitation

Section 4 : Expiry of prescribed period when court is closed

Section 5 : Extension of prescribed period in certain cases

Section 6 : Legal disability

Section 7 : Disability of one of several persons

Section 8 : Special exceptions

Section 9 : Continuous running of time

Section 10 : Suits against trustees and their representatives

Section 11 : Suits on contracts entered into outside the territories to which the Act extends

PART III
COMPUTATION OF PERIOD OF LIMITATION

Section 12 : Exclusion of time in legal proceedings

Section 13 : Exclusion of time in cases where leave to sue or appeal as a pauper is applied for

Section 14 : Exclusion of time of proceeding bona fide in court without jurisdiction

Section 15 : Exclusion of time in certain other cases

Section 16 : Effect of death on or before the accrual of the right to sue

Section 17 : Effect of fraud or mistake

Section 18 : Effect of acknowledgment in writing

Section 19 : Effect of payment on account of debt or of interest on legacy

Section 20 : Effect of acknowledgment or payment by another person

Section 21 : Effect of substituting or adding new plaintiff or defendant

Section 22 : Continuing breaches and torts

Section 23 : Suits for compensation for acts not actionable without special damage

Section 24 : Computation of time mentioned in instruments

PART IV
ACQUISITION OF OWNERSHIP BY POSSESSION

Section 25 : Acquisition of easements by prescription

Section 26 : Exclusion in favour of reversioner of servient tenement

Section 27 : Extinguishment of right to property

PART V
MISCELLANEOUS

Section 28 : Repealed

Section 29 : Savings

Section 30 : Provision for suits, etc, for which the prescribed period is shorter than the period prescribed by the Indian Limitation Act, 1908

Section 31 : Provisions as to barred or pending suits, etc

Section 32 : Repealed

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