The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946

The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 lays down the rules for employers to define the terms and conditions of employment.

Industrial EmploymentStanding OrdersLabour LawCertifying OfficerEmployer-employee RelationshipIndustrial Disputes


The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 is a labour law in India that requires employers to define the terms and conditions of employment through standing orders. These standing orders must be in writing and must be certified by a certifying officer appointed by the government. The Act applies to all industrial establishments with 100 or more workmen. It aims to promote better employer-employee relationships, ensure uniformity in employment conditions and facilitate effective settlement of industrial disputes. Any violation of the provisions of the Act can result in imprisonment or a fine.

Section 1 : Short title, extent and application

Section 2 : Interpretation

Section 3 : Submission of draft standing orders

Section 4 : Conditions for certification of standing orders

Section 5 : Certification of standing orders

Section 6 : Appeals

Section 7 : Date of operation of standing orders

Section 8 : Register of standing orders

Section 9 : Posting of standing orders

Section 10 : Duration and modification of standing orders

Section 10A : Payment of subsistence allowance

Section 11 : Certifying Officers and appellate authorities to have powers of civil court

Section 12 : Oral evidence in contradiction of standing orders not admissible

Section 12A : Temporary application of model standing orders

Section 13 : Penalties and procedure

Section 13A : Interpretation, etc, of standing orders

Section 13B : Act not to apply to certain industrial establishments

Section 14 : Power to exempt

Section 14A : Delegation of powers

Section 15 : Power to make rules

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