The Indian Penal Code, 1860

The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India that defines various crimes and their punishments.

Indian Penal CodeIpcCriminal CodeCrimesPunishmentsInvestigationTrialAmendmentsOffencesTraffic ViolationsMurderTerrorismBritish Indian Government

Summary

The Indian Penal Code, 1860 is a comprehensive criminal code of India which deals with various offences and their punishments. It was enacted by the British Indian Government in 1860, and since then has been amended several times. The IPC is divided into 23 chapters and contains 511 sections. It covers a wide range of offences, from minor offences like traffic violations, to serious crimes like murder and terrorism. The code is applicable to all Indian citizens, regardless of their religion or social status. It provides guidelines for the investigation, trial, and punishment of crimes in India.

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

Section 1 : Title and extent of operation of the Code

Section 2 : Punishment of offences committed within India

Section 3 : Punishment of offences committed beyond, but which by law may be tried within, India

Section 4 : Extension of Code to extra-territorial offences

Section 5 : Certain laws not to be affected by this Act

CHAPTER II
GENERAL EXPLANATIONS

Section 6 : Definitions in the Code to be understood subject to exceptions

Section 7 : Sense of expression once explained

Section 8 : Gender

Section 9 : Number

Section 10 : "Man". "Woman"

Section 11 : "Person"

Section 12 : "Public"

Section 13 : Definition of "Queen". Omitted

Section 14 : "Servant of Government"

Section 15 : Definition of "British India". Repealed

Section 16 : Definition of "Government of India". Repealed

Section 17 : "Government"

Section 18 : "India"

Section 19 : "Judge"

Section 20 : "Court of Justice"

Section 21 : "Public servant"

Section 22 : "Movable property"

Section 23 : "Wrongful gain" or "Wrongful loss" or Gaining wrongfully / Losing wrongfully

Section 24 : "Dishonestly"

Section 25 : "Fraudulently"

Section 26 : "Reason to believe"

Section 27 : Property in possession of wife, clerk or servant

Section 28 : "Counterfeit"

Section 29 : "Document"

Section 29A : "Electronic record"

Section 30 : "Valuable security"

Section 31 : "A will"

Section 32 : Words referring to acts include illegal omissions

Section 33 : "Act" and "Omission"

Section 34 : Acts done by several persons in furtherance of common intention

Section 35 : When such an act is criminal by reason of its being done with a criminal knowledge or intention

Section 36 : Effect caused partly by act and partly by omission

Section 37 : Co-operation by doing one of several acts constituting an offence

Section 38 : Persons concerned in criminal act may be guilty of different offences

Section 39 : "Voluntarily"

Section 40 : "Offence"

Section 41 : "Special law"

Section 42 : "Local law"

Section 43 : "Illegal" or "Legally bound to do"

Section 44 : "Injury"

Section 45 : "Life"

Section 46 : "Death"

Section 47 : "Animal"

Section 48 : "Vessel"

Section 49 : "Year" or "Month"

Section 50 : "Section"

Section 51 : "Oath"

Section 52 : "Good faith

Section 52A : "Harbour

CHAPTER III
OF PUNISHMENTS

Section 53 : Punishments

Section 53A : Construction of reference to transportation

Section 54 : Commutation of sentence of death

Section 55 : Commutation of sentence of imprisonment for life

Section 55A : Definition of "appropriate Government"

Section 56 : Sentence of Europeans and Americans to penal servitude. Proviso as to sentence for term exceeding ten years but not for life. Repealed.

Section 57 : Fractions of terms of punishment

Section 58 : Offenders sentenced to transportation how dealt with until transported. Repealed.

Section 59 : Transportation instead of imprisonment. Repealed.

Section 60 : Sentence may be (in certain cases of imprisonment) wholly or partly rigorous of simple

Section 61 : Sentence of forfeiture of property. Repealed.

Section 62 : Forfeiture of property, in respect of offenders punishable with death, transportation or imprisonment. Repealed.

Section 63 : Amount of fine

Section 64 : Sentence of imprisonment for non-payment of fine

Section 65 : Limit to imprisonment for non-payment of fine, when imprisonment and fine awardable

Section 66 : Description of imprisonment for non-payment of fine

Section 67 : Imprisonment for non-payment of fine, when offence punishable with fine only

Section 68 : Imprisonment to terminate on payment of fine

Section 69 : Termination of imprisonment on payment of proportional part of fine

Section 70 : Fine leviable within six years, of during imprisonment. Death not to discharge property from liability

Section 71 : Limit of punishment of offence made up of several offences

Section 72 : Punishment of person guilty of one of several offences, the judgment stating that is doubtful of which

Section 73 : Solitary confinement

Section 74 : Limit of solitary confinement

Section 75 : Enhanced punishment for certain offences under Chapter XII or Chapter XVII after previous conviction

CHAPTER IV
GENERAL EXCEPTIONS

Section 76 : Act done by a person bound, or by mistake of fact believing himself bound, by law

Section 77 : Act of Judge when acting judicially

Section 78 : Act done pursuant to the judgment or order of Court

Section 79 : Act done by a person justified, or by mistake of fact believing himself justified, by law

Section 80 : Accident in doing a lawful act

Section 81 : Act likely to cause harm, but done without criminal intent, and to prevent other harm

Section 82 : Act of a child under seven years of age

Section 83 : Act of a child above seven and under twelve of immature understanding

Section 84 : Act of a person of unsound mind

Section 85 : Act of a person incapable of judgment by reason of intoxication caused against his will

Section 86 : Offence requiring a particular intent or knowledge committed by one who is intoxicated

Section 87 : Act not intended and not known to be likely to cause death or grievous hurt, done by consent

Section 88 : Act not intended to cause death, done by consent in good faith for person's benefit

Section 89 : Act done in good faith for benefit of child or insane person, by or by consent of guardian. Provisos

Section 90 : Consent known to be given under fear or misconception or Consent of insane person or Consent of child

Section 91 : Exclusion of acts which are offences independently of harm caused

Section Provisos

Section 93 : Communication made in good faith

Section 94 : Act to which a person is compelled by threats

Section 95 : Act causing slight harm

CHAPTER IV
GENERAL EXCEPTIONS

Of the Right of Private Defense

Section 96 : Things done in private defence

Section 97 : Right of private defence of the body and of property

Section 98 : Right of private defence against the act of a person of unsound mind. etc

Section 99 : Acts against which there is no right of private defence or Extent to which the right may be exercised

Section 100 : When the right of private defence of the body extends to causing death

Section 101 : When such right extends to causing any harm other than death

Section 102 : Commencement and continuance of the right of private defence of the body

Section 103 : When the right of private defence of property extends to causing death

Section 104 : When such right extends to causing any harm other than death

Section 105 : Commencement and continuance of the right of private defence of property

Section 106 : Right of private defence against deadly assault when there is risk of harm to innocent person

CHAPTER V
OF ABETMENT

Section 107 : Abetment of a thing

Section 108 : Abettor

Section 108A : Abetment in Indian of offences outside India

Section 109 : Punishment of abetment if the act abetted is committed in consequence and where no express provision is made for its punishment

Section 110 : Punishment of abetment if person abetted does act with different intention from that of abettor

Section 111 : Liability of abettor when one act abetted and different act done

Section 112 : Abettor when liable to cumulative punishment for act abetted and for act done

Section 113 : Liability of abettor for an effect caused by the act abetted different from that intended by the abettor

Section 114 : Abettor present when offence is committed

Section 115 : Abetment of offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life. - if offence not committed. if act causing harm be done in consequence

Section 116 : Abetment of offence punishable with imprisonment. - if offence be not committed. if abettor or person abetted be a public servant whose duty it is to prevent offence

Section 117 : Abetting commission of offence by the public or by more than ten persons

Section 118 : Concealing design to commit offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life If offence be committed or if offence be not committed

Section 119 : Public servant concealing design to commit offence which it is his duty to prevent. if offence be committed ; if offence be punishable with death, etc. if offence be not committed

Section 120 : Concealing design to commit offence punishable with imprisonment if offence be committed or if offence be not committed

CHAPTER VA
CRIMINAL CONSPIRACY

Section 120A : Definition of criminal conspiracy

Section 120B : Punishment of criminal conspiracy

CHAPTER VI
OF OFFENCES AGAINST THE STATE

Section 121 : Waging, or attempting to wage war, or abetting waging of war, against the Government of India

Section 121A : Conspiracy to commit offences punishable by section 121

Section 122 : Collecting arms, etc., with intention of waging war against the Government of India

Section 123 : Concealing with intent to facilitate design to wage war

Section 124 : Assaulting President. Governor, etc., with intent to compel or restrain the exercise of any lawful power

Section 124A : Sedition

Section 125 : Waging war against any Asiatic power in alliance with the Government of India

Section 126 : Committing depredation on territories of power at peace with the Government of India

Section 127 : Receiving property taken by war or depredation mentioned in sections 125 and 126

Section 128 : Public servant voluntarily allowing prisoner of State or war to escape

Section 129 : Public servant negligently suffering such prisoner to escape

Section 130 : Aiding escape of, rescuing or harbouring such prisoner

CHAPTER VII
OF OFFENCES RELATING TO THE ARMY, NAVY AND AIR FORCE

Section 131 : Abetting mutiny, or attempting to seduce a soldier, sailor or airman from his duty

Section 132 : Abetment of mutiny, if mutiny is committed in consequence thereof

Section 133 : Abetment of assault by soldier, sailor or airman on his superior officer, when in execution of his office

Section 134 : Abetment of such assault, if the assault is committed

Section 135 : Abetment of desertion of soldier, sailor or airman

Section 136 : Harbouring deserter

Section 137 : Deserter concealed on board merchant vessel through negligence of master

Section 138 : Abetment of act of insubordination by soldier, sailor or airman

Section 139 : Persons subject to certain Acts

Section 140 : Wearing garb or carrying token used by soldier, sailor or airman

CHAPTER VIII
OF OFFENCES AGAINST THE PUBLIC TRANQUILLITY

Section 141 : Unlawful assembly

Section 142 : Being member of unlawful assembly

Section 143 : Punishment

Section 144 : Joining unlawful assembly armed with deadly weapon

Section 145 : Joining or continuing in unlawful assembly, knowing it has been commanded to disperse

Section 146 : Rioting

Section 147 : Punishment for rioting

Section 148 : Rioting, armed with deadly weapon

Section 149 : Every member of unlawful assembly guilty of offence committed in prosecution of common object

Section 150 : Hiring, or conniving at hiring, of persons to join unlawful assembly

Section 151 : Knowingly joining or continuing in assembly of five or more persons after it has been commanded to disperse

Section 152 : Assaulting or obstructing public servant when suppressing riot, etc

Section 153 : Wantonly giving provocation, with intent to cause riot if rioting be committed or if not committed

Section 153A : Promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence. language, etc., and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony.

Section 153AA : Punishment for knowingly carrying arms in any procession or organizing, or holding or taking part in any mass drill or mass training with arms

Section 153B : Imputation, assertions prejudicial to national-integration

Section 154 : Owner or occupier of land on which an unlawful assembly is held

Section 155 : Liability of person for whose benefit riot is committed

Section 156 : Liability of agent of owner or occupier for whose benefit riot is committed

Section 157 : Harbouring persons hired for an unlawful assembly

Section 158 : Being hired to take part in an unlawful assembly or riot ; or to go armed

Section 159 : Affray

Section 160 : Punishment for committing affray

CHAPTER IX
OF OFFENCES BY OR RELATING TO PUBLIC SERVANTS

Section 161 : Public servant taking a gratification other than legal remuneration, in respect of an official act. Repealed.

Section 162 : Taking a gratification, in order, by corrupt or illegal means, to influence a public servant. Repealed.

Section 163 : Taking a gratification for the exercise of personal influence with a public servant. Repealed.

Section 164 : Punishment for abetment by public servant of the offences above defined. Repealed.

Section 165 : Public servant obtaining any valuable thing, without consideration, from person concerned in any proceeding or business transacted by such public servant. Repealed.

Section 165A : Punishment for abetment of offences defined in section 161 or section 165. Repealed.

Section 166 : Public servant disobeying law, with intent to cause injury to any person

Section 166A : Public servant disobeying direction under law

Section 166B : Punishment for non-treatment of victim

Section 167 : Public servant framing an incorrect document with intent to cause injury

Section 168 : Public servant unlawfully engaging in trade

Section 169 : Public servant unlawfully buying or bidding for property

Section 170 : Personating a public servant

Section 171 : Wearing garb or carrying token used by public servant with fraudulent intent

CHAPTER IXA
OF OFFENCES RELATING TO ELECTIONS

Section 171A : "Candidate", "Electoral right" defined

Section 171B : Bribery

Section 171C : Undue influence at elections

Section 171D : Personation at elections

Section 171E : Punishment for bribery

Section 171F : Punishment for undue influence or personation at an election

Section 171G : False statement in connection with an election

Section 171H : Illegal payments in connection with an election

Section 171-I : Failure to keep election accounts

CHAPTER X
OF CONTEMPTS OF THE LAWFUL AUTHORITY OF PUBLIC SERVANTS

Section 172 : Absconding to avoid service of summons of other proceeding

Section 173 : Preventing service of summons or other proceeding, or preventing publication thereof

Section 174 : Non-attendance in obedience to an order from public servant

Section 174A : Non-appearance in response to a proclamation under section 82 of Act 2 of 1974

Section 175 : Omission to produce document to public servant by person legally bound to produce it

Section 176 : Omission to give notice or information to public servant by person legally bound to give i t

Section 177 : Furnishing false information

Section 178 : Refusing oath or affirmation when duly required by public servant to make it

Section 179 : Refusing to answer public servant authorised to question

Section 180 : Refusing to sign statement

Section 181 : False statement on oath or affirmation to public servant or person authorised to administer an oath or affirmation

Section 182 : False information, with intent to cause public servant to use his lawful power to the injury of another person

Section 183 : Resistance to the taking of property by the lawful authority of a public servant

Section 184 : Obstructing sale of property offered for sale by authority of public servant

Section 185 : Illegal purchase or bid for property offered for sale by authority of public servant

Section 186 : Obstructing public servant in discharge of public functions

Section 187 : Omission to assist public servant when bound by law to give assistance

Section 188 : Disobedience to order duly promulgated by public servant

Section 189 : Threat of injury to public servant

Section 190 : Threat of injury to induce person to refrain from applying for protection to public servant

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

CHAPTER XI OF FALSE EVIDENCE AND OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC JUSTICE : 191. Giving false evidence

CHAPTER XI OF FALSE EVIDENCE AND OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC JUSTICE
191. Giving false evidence

Section 192 : Fabricating false evidence

Section 193 : Punishment for false evidence

Section 194 : Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of capital offence. When if innocent person be thereby convicted and executed

Section 195 : Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of offence punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment

Section 195A : Threatening any person to give false evidence

Section 196 : Using evidence known to be false

Section 197 : Issuing or signing false certificate

Section 198 : Using as true a certificate known to be false

Section 199 : False statement made in declaration which is by law receivable as evidence

Section 200 : Using as true such declaration knowing it to be false

Section 201 : Causing disappearance of evidence of offence, or giving false information, to screen offender-if a capital offence if punishable with imprisonment for life or if punishable with less than ten Years ' imprisonment

Section 202 : Intentional omission to give information of offence by person bound to inform

Section 203 : Giving false information respecting an offence committed

Section 204 : Destruction of document to prevent its production as evidence

Section 205 : False personation for purpose of act or proceeding in suit or prosecution

Section 206 : Fraudulent removal or concealment of property to prevent its seizure as forfeited or in execution

Section 207 : Fraudulent claim to property to prevent its seizure as forfeited or in execution

Section 208 : Fraudulently suffering decree for sum not due

Section 209 : Dishonestly making false claim in Court

Section 210 : Fraudulently obtaining decree for sum not due

Section 211 : False charge of offence made with intent to injure

Section 212 : Harbouring offender. - if a capital offence ; if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment

Section 213 : Taking gift, etc., to screen an offender from punishment. - if a capital offence ;if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment

Section 214 : Offering gift or restoration of property in consideration of screening offender-if a capital offence ; if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment

Section 215 : Taking gift to help to recover stolen property, etc

Section 216 : Harbouring offender who has escaped from custody of whose apprehension has been ordered-if a capital offence ; if punishable with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment

Section 216A : Penalty for harbouring robbers or dacoits

Section 216B : Definition of "harbour" in sections 212, 216 and 216A. Repealed

Section 217 : Public servant disobeying direction of law with intent to save person from punishment or property from forfeiture

Section 218 : Public servant framing incorrect record or writing with intent to save person from punishment or property from forfeiture

Section 219 : Public servant in judicial proceeding corruptly making report, etc., contrary to law

Section 220 : Commitment for trial or confinement by person having authority who knows that he is acting contrary to law

Section 221 : Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public servant bound to apprehend

Section 222 : Intentional omission to apprehend on the part of public servant bound to apprehend person under sentence or lawfully committed

Section 223 : Escape from confinement or custody negligently suffered by public servant

Section 224 : Resistance or obstruction by a person to his lawful apprehension

Section 225 : Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension of another person

Section 225A : Omission to apprehend, or sufferance of escape, on part of public servant, in cases not otherwise, provided for

Section 225B : Resistance or obstruction to lawful apprehension, or escape or rescue in cases not otherwise provided for

Section 226 : Unlawful return from transportation. Repealed

Section 227 : Violation of condition of remission of punishment

Section 228 : Intentional insult or interruption to public servant sitting in judicial proceeding

Section 228A : Disclosure of identity of the victim of certain offences, etc

Section 229 : Personation of a juror or assessor

Section 229A : Failure by person released on bail or bond to appear in Court

CHAPTER XII
OF OFFENCES RELATING TO COIN AND GOVERNMENT STAMPS

Section 230 : "Coin" defined. Indian coin

Section 231 : Counterfeiting coin

Section 232 : Counterfeiting Indian coin

Section 233 : Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting coin

Section 234 : Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting Indian coin

Section 235 : Possession of instrument or material for the purpose of using the same for counterfeiting coin

Section 236 : Abetting in India the counterfeiting out of India of coin

Section 237 : Import or export of counterfeit coin

Section 238 : Import or export of counterfeits of the Indian coin

Section 239 : Delivery of coin, possessed with knowledge that it is counterfeit

Section 240 : Delivery of Indian coin, possessed with knowledge that it is counterfeit

Section 241 : Delivery of coin as genuine, which, when first possessed, the deliverer did not know to be counterfeit

Section 242 : Possession of counterfeit coin by person who knew it to be counterfeit when he became possessed thereof

Section 243 : Possession of Indian coin by person who knew it to be counterfeit when he became possessed thereof

Section 244 : Person employed in mint causing coin to be of different weight or composition from that fixed by law

Section 245 : Unlawfully taking coining instrument from mint

Section 246 : Fraudulently or dishonestly diminishing weight or altering composition of coin

Section 247 : Fraudulently or dishonestly diminishing weight or altering composition of Indian coin

Section 248 : Altering appearance of coin with intent that it shall pass as coin of different description

Section 249 : Altering appearance of Indian coin with intent that it shall pass as coin of different description

Section 250 : Delivery of coin, possessed with knowledge that it is altered

Section 251 : Delivery of Indian coin, possessed with knowledge that it is altered

Section 252 : Possession of coin by person who knew it to be altered when he became possessed thereof

Section 253 : Possession of Indian coin by person who knew it to be altered when he became possessed thereof

Section 254 : Delivery of coin as genuine which, when first possessed, the deliverer did not know to be altered

Section 255 : Counterfeiting Government stamp

Section 256 : Having possession of instrument or material for counterfeiting Government stamp

Section 257 : Making or selling instrument for counterfeiting Government stamp

Section 258 : Sale of counterfeit Government stamp

Section 259 : Having possession of counterfeit Government stamp

Section 260 : Using as genuine a Government stamp known to be counterfeit

Section 261 : Effacing writing from substance bearing Government stamp, or removing from document a stamp used for it, with intent to cause loss to Government

Section 262 : Using Government stamp known to have been before used

Section 263 : Erasure of mark denoting that stamp has been used

Section 263A : Prohibition of fictitious stamps

CHAPTER XIII
OF OFFENCES RELATING TO WEIGHTS AND MEASURES

Section 264 : Fraudulent use of false instrument for weighing

Section 265 : Fraudulent use of false weight or measure

Section 266 : Being In possession of false weight or measure

Section 267 : Making or selling false weight or measure

CHAPTER XIV
OF OFFENCES AFFECTING THE PUBLIC HEALTH, SAFETY, CONVENIENCE, DECENCY AND MORALS

Section 268 : Public nuisance

Section 269 : Negligent act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life

Section 270 : Malignant act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life

Section 271 : Disobedience to quarantine rule

Section 272 : Adulteration of food or drink intended for sale

Section 273 : Sale of noxious food or drink

Section 274 : Adulteration of drugs

Section 275 : Sale of adulterated drugs

Section 276 : Sale of drug as a different drug or preparation

Section 277 : Fouling water of public spring or reservoir

Section 278 : Making atmosphere noxious to health

Section 279 : Rash driving or riding on a public way

Section 280 : Rash navigation of vessel

Section 281 : Exhibition of false light, mark or buoy

Section 282 : Conveying person by water for hire in unsafe or overloaded vessel

Section 283 : Danger or obstruction in public way or line of navigation

Section 284 : Negligent conduct with respect to poisonous substance

Section 285 : Negligent conduct with respect to fire or combustible matter

Section 286 : Negligent conduct with respect to explosive substance

Section 287 : Negligent conduct with respect to machinery

Section 288 : Negligent conduct with respect to pulling down or repairing buildings

Section 289 : Negligent conduct with respect to animal

Section 290 : Punishment for public nuisance in cases not otherwise provided for

Section 291 : Continuance of nuisance after injunction to discontinue

Section 292 : Sale, etc., of obscene books, etc

Section 293 : Sale, etc., of obscene objects to young person

Section 294 : Obscene acts and songs

Section 294A : Keeping lottery office

CHAPTER XV
OF OFFENCES RELATING TO RELIGION

Section 295 : Injuring or defiling place of worship, with intent to insult the religion of any class

Section 295A : Deliberate and malicious acts, intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs

Section 296 : Disturbing religious assembly

Section 297 : Trespassing on burial places, etc

Section 298 : Uttering words, etc., with deliberate intent to wound the religious feelings

CHAPTER XVI
OF OFFENCES AFFECTING THE HUMAN BODY

Of offences affecting life

Section 299 : Culpable homicide

Section 300 : Murder. Or When culpable homicide is not murder

Section 301 : Culpable homicide by causing death of person other than person whose death was intended

Section 302 : Punishment for murder

Section 303 : Punishment for murder by life-convict

Section 304 : Punishment for culpable homicide not amounting to murder

Section 304A : Causing death by negligence

Section 304B : Dowry death

Section 305 : Abetment of suicide of child or insane person

Section 306 : Abetment of suicide

Section 307 : Attempt to murder. Or Attempts by life-convicts

Section 308 : Attempt to commit culpable homicide

Section 309 : Attempt to commit suicide

Section 310 : Thug

Section 311 : Punishment

Of the causing of Miscarriage, of Injuries to unborn Children, of the Exposure of Infants, and of the concealment of Births

Section 312 : Causing miscarriage

Section 313 : Causing miscarriage without woman's consent

Section 314 : Death caused by act done with intent to cause miscarriage if act done without woman's consent

Section 315 : Act done with intent to prevent child being born alive or to cause it to die after birth

Section 316 : Causing death of quick unborn child by act amounting to culpable homicide

Section 317 : Exposure and abandonment of child under twelve years, by parent or person having care of it

Section 318 : Concealment of birth by secret disposal of dead body

Of Hurt

Section 319 : Hurt

Section 320 : Grievous hurt

Section 321 : Voluntarily causing hurt

Section 322 : Voluntarily causing grievous hurt

Section 323 : Punishment for voluntarily causing hurt

Section 324 : Voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapons or means

Section 325 : Punishment for voluntarily causing grievous hurt

Section 326 : Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means

Section 326A : Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by use of acid, etc

Section 326B : Voluntarily throwing or attempting to throw acid

Section 327 : Voluntarily causing hurt to extort property, or to constrain to an illegal act

Section 328 : Causing hurt by means of poison, etc., with intent to commit an offence. 329. Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort property, or to constrain to an illegal act

Section 330 : Voluntarily causing hurt to extort confession, or to compel restoration of property

Section 331 : Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to extort confession, or to compel restoration of property

Section 332 : Voluntarily causing hurt to deter public servant from his duty

Section 333 : Voluntarily causing grievous hurt to deter public servant from his duty

Section 334 : Voluntarily causing hurt on provocation

Section 335 : Voluntarily causing grievous hurt on provocation

Section 336 : Act endangering life or personal safety of others

Section 337 : Causing hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others

Section 338 : Causing grievous hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others

Of wrongful restraint and wrongful confinement

Section 339 : Wrongful restraint

Section 340 : Wrongful confinement

Section 341 : Punishment for wrongful restraint

Section 342 : Punishment for wrongful confinement

Section 343 : Wrongful confinement for three or more days

Section 344 : Wrongful confinement for ten or more days

Section 345 : Wrongful confinement of person for whose liberation writ has been issued

Section 346 : Wrongful confinement in secret

Section 347 : Wrongful confinement to extort property, or constrain to illegal act

Section 348 : Wrongful confinement to extort confession, or compel restoration of property

Of Criminal Force and Assault

Section 349 : Force

Section 350 : Criminal force

Section 351 : Assault

Section 352 : Punishment for assault or criminal force otherwise than on grave provocation

Section 353 : Assault or criminal force to deter public servant from discharge of his duty

Section 354 : Assault of criminal force to woman with intent to outrage her modesty

Section 354A : Sexual harassment and punishment for sexual harassment

Section 354B : Assault or use of criminal force to woman with intent to disrobe

Section 354C : Voyeurism

Section 354D : Stalking

Section 355 : Assault or criminal force with intent to dishonour person, otherwise than on grave provocation

Section 356 : Assault or criminal force in attempt to commit theft of property carried by a person

Section 357 : Assault or criminal force in attempt wrongfully to confine a person

Section 358 : Assault or criminal force on grave provocation

Of Kidnapping, Abduction, Slavery and Forced Labour

Section 359 : Kidnapping

Section 360 : Kidnapping from India

Section 361 : Kidnapping from lawful guardianship

Section 362 : Abduction

Section 363 : Punishment for kidnapping

Section 363A : Kidnapping or maiming a minor for purposes of begging

Section 364 : Kidnapping or abducting in order to murder

Section 364A : Kidnapping for ransom, etc

Section 365 : Kidnapping or abducting with intent secretly and wrongfully to confine person

Section 366 : Kidnapping, abducting or inducing woman to compel her marriage, etc

Section 366A : Procuration of minor girl

Section 366B : Importation of girl from foreign country

Section 367 : Kidnapping or abducting in order to subject person to grievous hurt, slavery, etc

Section 368 : Wrongfully concealing or keeping in confinement, kidnapped or abducted person

Section 369 : Kidnapping or abducting child under ten years with intent to steal from its person

Section 370 : Trafficking of person

Section 370A : Exploitation of a trafficked person

Section 371 : Habitual dealing in slaves

Section 372 : Selling minor for purposes of prostitution, etc

Section 373 : Buying minor for purposes of prostitution, etc

Section 374 : Unlawful compulsory labour

Sexual offences

Section 375 : Rape

Section 376 : Punishment for rape

Section 376A : Punishment for causing death or resulting in persistent vegetative state of victim

Section 376B : Sexual intercourse by husband upon his wife during separation

Section 376C : Sexual intercourse by a person in authority

Section 376D : Gang rape

Section 376DA : Punishment for gang rape on woman under sixteen years of age

Section 376DB : Punishment for gang rape on woman under twelve years of age

Of Unnatural offences

Section 377 : Unnatural offences

CHAPTER XVII
OF OFFENCES AGAINST PROPERTY

Of Theft

Section 378 : Theft

Section 379 : Punishment for theft

Section 380 : Theft in dwelling house, etc

Section 381 : Theft by clerk or servant of property in possession of master

Section 382 : Theft after preparation made for causing death, hurt or restraint in order to the committing of the theft

Of Extortion

Section 383 : Extortion

Section 384 : Punishment for extortion

Section 385 : Putting person in fear of injury in order to commit extortion

Section 386 : Extortion by putting a person in fear of death on grievous hurt

Section 387 : Putting person in fear of death or of grievous hurt, in order to commit extortion

Section 388 : Extortion by threat of accusation of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, etc

Section 389 : Putting person in fear of accusation of offence, in order to commit extortion

CHAPTER XVII
OF OFFENCES AGAINST PROPERTY

Of Robbery and Dacoity

CHAPTER XVII
OF OFFENCES AGAINST PROPERTY

Of Robbery and Dacoity

Section 390 : Robbery. When theft is robbery. When extortion is robbery

Section 391 : Dacoity

Section 392 : Punishment for robbery

Section 393 : Attempt to commit robbery

Section 394 : Voluntarily causing hurt in committing robbery

Section 395 : Punishment for dacoity

Section 396 : Dacoity with murder

Section 397 : Robbery, or dacoity, with attempt to cause death or grievous hurt

Section 398 : Attempt to commit robbery or dacoity when armed with deadly weapon

Section 399 : Making preparation to commit dacoity

Section 400 : Punishment for belonging to gang of dacoits

Section 401 : Punishment for belonging to gang of thieves

Section 402 : Assembling for purpose of committing dacoity

Of Criminal Misappropriation of Property

Section 403 : Dishonest misappropriation of property

Section 404 : Dishonest misappropriation of property possessed by deceased person at the time of his death. Of Criminal Breach of Trust

Section 405 : Criminal breach of trust

Section 406 : Punishment for criminal breach of trust

Section 407 : Criminal breach of trust by carrier, etc

Section 408 : Criminal breach of trust by clerk or servant

Section 409 : Criminal breach of trust by public, servant. or by banker, merchant or agent

Of the Receiving of Stolen Property

Section 410 : Stolen property

Section 411 : Dishonestly receiving stolen property

Section 412 : Dishonestly receiving property stolen in the commission of a dacoity

Section 413 : Habitually dealing in stolen property

Section 414 : Assisting in concealment of stolen property

Of Cheating

Section 415 : Cheating

Section 416 : Cheating by personation

Section 417 : Punishment for cheating

Section 418 : Cheating with knowledge that wrongful loss may ensue to person whose interest offender is bound to protect

Section 419 : Punishment for cheating by personation

Section 420 : Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property

Of Fraudulent Deeds and Dispositions of Property

Section 421 : Dishonest or fraudulent removal or concealment of property to prevent distribution among creditor

Section 422 : Dishonestly or fraudulently preventing debt being available for creditors

Section 423 : Dishonest or fraudulent execution of deed of transfer containing false statement of consideration

Section 424 : Dishonest or fraudulent removal or concealment of property

Of Mischief

Section 425 : Mischief

Section 426 : Punishment for mischief

Section 427 : Mischief causing damage to the amount of fifty rupees

Section 428 : Mischief by killing or maiming animal of the value of ten rupees

Section 429 : Mischief by killing or maiming cattle, etc., of any value or any animal of the value of fifty rupees

Section 430 : Mischief by injury to works of irrigation or by wrongfully diverting water

Section 431 : Mischief by injury to public road, bridge, river or channel

Section 432 : Mischief by causing inundation or obstruction to public drainage attended with damage

Section 433 : Mischief by destroying, moving or rendering less useful a light-house or sea-mark

Section 434 : Mischief by destroying or moving, etc., a land-mark fixed by public authority

Section 435 : Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to cause damage to amount of one hundred or (in case of agricultural produce) ten rupees

Section 436 : Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to destroy house, etc

Section 437 : Mischief with intent to destroy or make unsafe a decked vessel or one of twenty tons burden

Section 438 : Punishment for the mischief described in section 437 committed by fire or explosive substance

Section 439 : Punishment for intentionally running vessel aground, or ashore with intent to commit theft, etc

Section 440 : Mischief committed after preparation made for causing death or hurt

Of Criminal Trespass

Section 441 : Criminal trespass

Section 442 : House-trespass

Section 443 : Lurking house-trespass

Section 444 : Lurking house-trespass by night

Section 445 : House-breaking

Section 446 : House-breaking by night

Section 447 : Punishment for criminal trespass

Section 448 : Punishment for house-trespass

Section 449 : House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with death

Section 450 : House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment for life

Section 451 : House-trespass in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment

Section 452 : House-trespass after preparation for hurt, assault or wrongful restraint

Section 453 : Punishment for lurking house-trespass or house-breaking

Section 454 : Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment

Section 455 : Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking after preparation for hurt, assault or wrongful restraint

Section 456 : Punishment for lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night

Section 457 : Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night in order to commit offence punishable with imprisonment

Section 458 : Lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night after preparation for hurt, assault, or wrongful restraint

Section 459 : Grievous hurt caused whilst committing lurking house-trespass or house-breaking

Section 460 : All persons jointly concerned in lurking house-trespass or house-breaking by night punishable where death or grievous hurt caused by one of them

Section 461 : Dishonestly breaking open receptacle containing property

Section 462 : Punishment for same offence when committed by person entrusted with custody

CHAPTER XVIII
OF OFFENCES RELATING TO DOCUMENTS AND TO PROPERTY MARKS

Section 463 : Forgery

Section 464 : Making a false document

Section 465 : Punishment for forgery

Section 466 : Forgery of record of Court or of public register, etc

Section 467 : Forgery of valuable security, will, etc

Section 468 : Forgery for purpose of cheating

Section 469 : Forgery for purpose of harming reputation

Section 470 : Forged document

Section 471 : Using as genuine a forged document or electronic record

Section 472 : Making or possessing counterfeit seal, etc., with intent to commit forgery punishable under section 467

Section 473 : Making or possessing counterfeit seal, etc., with intent to commit forgery punishable otherwise

Section 474 : Having possession of document described in section 466 or 467, knowing it to be forged and intending to use it as genuine

Section 475 : Counterfeiting device or mark used for authenticating documents described in section 467, or possessing counterfeit marked material

Section 476 : Counterfeiting device or mark used for authenticating documents other than those described in section 467, or possessing counterfeit marked material

Section 477 : Fraudulent cancellation, destruction, etc., of will, authority to adopt, or valuable security

Section 477A : Falsification of accounts

CHAPTER XVIII
OF OFFENCES RELATING TO DOCUMENTS AND TO PROPERTY MARKS

Of Property and Other Marks

Section 478 : Trade Mark. Repealed

Section 479 : Property mark

Section 480 : Using a false trade mark. Repealed

Section 481 : Using a false property mark

Section 482 : Punishment for using a false property mark

Section 483 : Counterfeiting a property mark used by another

Section 484 : Counterfeiting a mark used by a public servant

Section 485 : Making or possession of any instrument for counterfeiting a property mark

Section 486 : Selling goods marked with a counterfeit property mark

Section 487 : Making a false mark upon any receptacle containing goods

Section 488 : Punishment for making use of any such false mark

Section 489 : Tampering with property mark with intent to cause injury

Of Currency
Notes and Bank
Notes

Section 489A : Counterfeiting currency-notes or bank-notes

Section 489B : Using as genuine, forged or counterfeit currency-notes or bank-notes

Section 489C : Possession of forged or counterfeit currency notes or bank-notes

Section 489D : Making or possessing instruments or materials for forging or counterfeiting currency-notes or bank-notes

Section 489E : Making or using documents resembling currency-notes or bank-notes

CHAPTER XIX
OF THE CRIMINAL BREACH OF CONTRACTS OF SERVICE

Section 490 : Breach of contract of service during voyage or journey. Repealed.

Section 491 : Breach of contract to attend on and supply wants of helpless person

Section 492 : Breach of contract to serve at distant place to which servant is conveyed at master's expense. Repealed.

CHAPTER XX
OF OFFENCES RELATING TO MARRIAGE

Section 493 : Cohabitation caused by a man deceitfully inducing a belief of lawful marriage

Section 494 : Marrying again during lifetime of husband or wife.

Section 495 : Same offence with concealment of former marriage from person with whom subsequent marriage is contracted

Section 496 : Marriage ceremony fraudulently gone through without lawful marriage

Section 497 : Adultery

Section 498 : Enticing or taking away or detaining with criminal intent a married woman

CHAPTER XXA
OF CRUELTY BY HUSBAND OR RELATIVES OF HUSBAND

Section 498A : Husband or relative of husband of a woman subjecting her to cruelty

CHAPTER XXI
OF DEFAMATION

Section 499 : Defamation.

Section 500 : Punishment for defamation

Section 501 : Printing or engraving matter known to be defamatory

Section 502 : Sale of printed or engraved substance containing defamatory matter

CHAPTER XXII
OF CRIMINAL INTIMIDATION, INSULT AND ANNOYANCE

Section 503 : Criminal intimidation

Section 504 : Intentional insult with intent to provoke breach of the peace

Section 505 : Statements conducing to public mischief. Statements creating or promoting enmity, hatred or ill-will between classes. Offence under sub-section (2) committed in place of worship, etc

Section 506 : Punishment for criminal intimidation. If threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, etc

Section 507 : Criminal intimidation by an anonymous communication

Section 508 : Act caused by inducing person to believe that he will be rendered an object of the Divine displeasure

Section 509 : Word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman

Section 510 : Misconduct in public by a drunken person

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

CHAPTER XXIII : OF ATTEMPTS TO COMMIT OFFENCES

CHAPTER XXIII
OF ATTEMPTS TO COMMIT OFFENCES

Section 511 : Punishment for attempting to commit offences punishable with imprisonment for life or other imprisonment.

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