The Indian Forest Act, 1927

The Indian Forest Act, 1927 - An Act to consolidate the law relating to forests, the transit of forest-produce and the duty leviable on timber and other forest-produce.

Indian Forest ActForest ConservationWildlife ProtectionTimberForest ProduceForest-dwellersBamboo

Summary

The Indian Forest Act, 1927 is an Act of the Indian Parliament that consolidates the laws relating to forests, transit of forest-produce, and the duty leviable on timber and other forest-produce. The Act is designed to promote the conservation and development of forests in India, and it grants wide-ranging powers to the state and central governments to manage and regulate the country's forests. The Act also outlines the rights of forest-dwellers and provides for the protection of wildlife and forest produce. It was amended in 2017 to recognize the rights of forest-dwelling communities, and to promote the use of bamboo in the forest-based industry.

CHAPTER I
PRELIMINARY

Section 1 : Short title and extent

Section 2 : Interpretation clause

CHAPTER II
OF RESERVED FORESTS

Section 3 : Power to reserve forests

Section 4 : Notification by State Government

Section 5 : Bar of accrual of forest-rights

Section 6 : Proclamation by Forest Settlement-officer

Section 7 : Inquiry by Forest Settlement-officer

Section 8 : Powers of Forest Settlement-officer

Section 9 : Extinction of rights

Section 10 : Treatment of claims relating to practice of shifting cultivation

Section 11 : Power to acquire land over which right is claimed

Section 12 : Order on claims to rights of pasture or to forest-produce

Section 13 : Record to be made by Forest Settlement-officer

Section 14 : Record where he admits claim

Section 15 : Exercise of rights admitted

Section 16 : Commutation of rights

Section 17 : Appeal from order passed under section 11, section 12, section 15 or section 16

Section 18 : Appeal under section 17

Section 19 : Pleaders

Section 20 : Notification declaring forest reserved

Section 21 : Publication of translation of such notification in neighbourhood of forest

Section 22 : Power to revise arrangement made under section 15 or section 18

Section 23 : No right acquired over reserved forest, except as here provided

Section 24 : Rights not to be alienated without sanction

Section 25 : Power to stop ways and water-courses in reserved forests

Section 26 : Acts prohibited in such forests

Section 27 : Power to declare forest no longer reserved

CHAPTER III
OF VILLAGE
FORESTS

Section 28 : Formation of village-forests

CHAPTER IV
OF PROTECTED FORESTS

Section 29 : Protected forests

Section 30 : Power to issue notification reserving trees, etc

Section 31 : Publication of translation of such notification in neighbourhood

Section 32 : Power to make rules for protected forests

Section 33 : Penalties for acts in contravention of notification under section 30 or of rules under section 32

Section 34 : Nothing in this Chapter to prohibit acts done in certain cases

CHAPTER V
OF THE CONTROL OVER FORESTSAND LANDSNOTBEINGTHE PROPERTY OF GOVERNMENT

Section 35 : Protection of forests for special purposes

Section 36 : Power to assume management of forests

Section 37 : Expropriation of forests in certain cases

Section 38 : Protection of forests at request of owners

CHAPTER VI
OFTHE DUTY ON TIMBERAND OTHER FOREST
PRODUCE

Section 39 : Power to impose duty on timber and other forest-produce

Section 40 : Limit not to apply to purchase-money or royalty

CHAPTER VII
OFTHE CONTROLOF TIMBERANDOTHERFOREST
PRODUCE IN TRANSIT

Section 41 : Power to make rules to regulate transit of forest-produce

Section 41A : Powers of Central Government as to movements of timber across customs frontiers

Section 42 : Penalty for breach of rules made under section 41

Section 43 : Governments and Forest-officers not liable for damage to forest-produce at depot

Section 44 : All persons bound to aid in case of accident at depot

CHAPTER VIII
OF THE COLLECTIONOF DRIFTAND STRANDED TIMBER

Section 45 : Certain kinds of timber to be deemed property of Government until title thereto proved, and may be collected accordingly

Section 46 : Notice to claimants of drift-timber

Section 47 : Procedure on claim preferred to such timber

Section 48 : Disposal of unclaimed timber

Section 49 : Government and its officers not liable for damage to such timber

Section 50 : Payments to be made by claimant before timber is delivered to him

Section 51 : Power to make rules and prescribe penalties

CHAPTER IX
PENALTIES AND PROCEDURE

Section 52 : Seizure of property liable to confiscation

Section 53 : Power to release property seized under section 52

Section 54 : Procedure thereupon

Section 55 : Forest-produce, tools, etc, when liable to confiscation

Section 56 : Disposal, on conclusion of trial for forest-offence, of produce in respect of which it was committed

Section 57 : Procedure when offender not known, or cannot be found

Section 58 : Procedure as to perishable property seized under section 52

Section 59 : Appeal from orders under section 55, section 56 or section 57

Section 60 : Property when to vest in Government

Section 61 : Saving of power to release property seized

Section 62 : Punishment for wrongful seizure

Section 63 : Penalty for counterfeiting or defacing marks on trees and timber and for altering boundary-marks

Section 64 : Power to arrest without warrant

Section 65 : Power to release on a bond a person arrested

Section 66 : Power to prevent commission of offence

Section 67 : Power to try offences summarily

Section 68 : Power to compound offences

Section 69 : Presumption that forest-produce belongs to Government

CHAPTER X
CATTLE
TRESPASS

Section 70 : Cattle-trespass Act, 1871, to apply

Section 71 : Power to alter fines fixed under that Act

CHAPTER XI
OF FOREST
OFFICERS

Section 72 : State Government may invest Forest-officers with certain powers

Section 73 : Forest-officers deemed public servants

Section 74 : Indemnity for acts done in good faith

Section 75 : Forest-officers not to trade

CHAPTER XII
SUBSIDIARY RULES

Section 76 : Additional powers to make rules

Section 77 : Penalties for breach of rules

Section 78 : Rules when to have force of law

CHAPTER XIII
MISCELLANEOUS

Section 79 : Persons bound to assist Forest-officers and police-officers

Section 80 : Management of forests the joint property of Government and other persons

Section 81 : Failure to perform service for which a share in produce of Government forest is enjoyed

Section 82 : Recovery of money due to Government

Section 83 : Lien on forest-produce for such money

Section 84 : Land required under this Act to be deemed to be needed for a public purpose under the Land Acquisition Act, 1894

Section 85 : Recovery of penalties due under bond

Section 85A : Saving for rights of Central Government

Section 86 : [Repealed]

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