The Hindu Succession Act, 1956

The Hindu Succession Act, 1956 governs the inheritance and succession rights of Hindus.

The Hindu Succession Act1956Hindu Inheritance RightsHindu Succession RightsInheritance Law In IndiaSuccession Law In IndiaGender Equality In InheritanceRights Of Female HeirsProperty Distribution Among Male And Female Heirs

Summary

The Hindu Succession Act, 1956 is a legislation passed by the Indian Parliament which governs the inheritance and succession rights of Hindus. The act applies to Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, and Jains, and aims to modernize the law of inheritance and succession in India. The act includes provisions on the devolution of property, intestate succession, testamentary succession, and the right to maintenance. The act also includes provisions for the equal distribution of property among male and female heirs. This act has undergone several amendments over the years to address issues of gender equality, and to ensure that it is in line with the changing societal norms of India.

CHAPTER I
PRELIMINARY

Section 1 : Short title and extent

Section 2 : Application of Act

Section 3 : Definitions and interpretation

Section 4 : Overriding effect of Act

CHAPTER II

INTESTATE SUCCESSION
General

Section 5 : Act not to apply to certain properties

Section 6 : Devolution of interest in coparcenary property

Section 7 : Devolution of interest in the property of a tarwad, tavazhi, kutumba, kavaru or illom

Section 8 : General rules of succession in the case of males

Section 9 : Order of succession among heirs in the Schedule

Section 10 : Distribution of property among heirs in class I of the Schedule

Section 11 : Distribution of property among heirs in class II of the Schedule

Section 12 : Order of succession among agnates and congnates

Section 13 : Computation of degrees

Section 14 : Property of a female Hindu to be her absolute property

Section 15 : General rules of succession in the case of female Hindus

Section 16 : Order of succession and manner of distribution among heirs of a female Hindu

Section 17 : Special provisions respecting persons governed by marumakkattayam and aliyasantana laws

INTESTATE SUCCESSION
General provisions relating to succession

Section 18 : Full blood preferred to half blood

Section 19 : Mode of succession of two or more heirs

Section 20 : Right of child in womb

Section 21 : Presumption in cases of simultaneous deaths

Section 22 : Preferential right to acquire property in certain cases

Section 23 : Omitted

Section 24 : Omitted

Section 25 : Murderer disqualified

Section 26 : Convert?s descendants disqualified

Section 27 : Succession when heir disqualified

Section 28 : Disease, defect, etc, not to disqualify

INTESTATE SUCCESSION
Escheat

Section 29 : Failure of heirs

CHAPTER III
TESTAMENTARY SUCCESSION

Section 30 : Testamentary succession

CHAPTER IV
REPEALS

Section 31 : Repealed

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