The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955

The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 is a legal act that governs Hindu marriages in India.

Hindu MarriageLegal FrameworkDivorceMaintenanceAlimonyConjugal RightsJudicial SeparationVoid And Voidable Marriages

Summary

The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 is a legal act that governs Hindu marriages in India. The act provides for the solemnization of Hindu marriages, the conditions for a Hindu marriage, registration of Hindu marriages, restitution of conjugal rights, judicial separation, void and voidable marriages, divorce, maintenance, and alimony. The act aims to provide a legal framework for the regulation and maintenance of Hindu marriages, and to protect the rights of Hindu women in marriage. The act applies to all Hindus, including Buddhists, Jains, and Sikhs.

PRELIMINARY

Section 1 : Short title and extent

Section 2 : Application of Act

Section 3 : Definitions

Section 4 : Overriding effect of Act

HINDU MARRIAGES

Section 5 : Conditions for a Hindu marriage

Section 6 : [Omitted]

Section 7 : Ceremonies for a Hindu marriage

Section 8 : Registration of Hindu marriages

RESTITUTION OF CONJUGAL RIGHTS AND JUDICIAL SEPARATION

Section 9 : Restitution of conjugal right

Section 10 : Judicial separation

NULLITY OF MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE

Section 11 : Void marriages

Section 12 : Voidable marriages

Section 13 : Divorce

Section 13A : Alternate relief in divorce proceedings

Section 13B : Divorce by mutual consent

Section 14 : No petition for divorce to be presented within one year of marriage

Section 15 : Divorced persons when may marry again

Section 16 : Legitimacy of children of void and voidable marriages

Section 17 : Punishment of bigamy

Section 18 : Punishment for contravention of certain other conditions for a Hindu marriage

JURISDICTION AND PROCEDURE

Section 19 : Court to which petition shall be presented

Section 20 : Contents and verification of petitions

Section 21 : Application of Act 5 of 1908

Section 21A : Power to transfer petitions in certain cases

Section 21B : Special provision relating to trial and disposal of petitions under the Act

Section 21C : Documentary evidence

Section 22 : Proceedings to be in camera and may not be printed or published

Section 23 : Decree in proceedings

Section 23A : Relief for respondent in divorce and other proceedings

Section 24 : Maintenance pendente lite and expenses of proceedings

Section 25 : Permanent alimony and maintenance

Section 26 : Custody of children

Section 27 : Disposal of property

Section 28 : Appeals from decrees and orders

Section 28A : Enforcement of decrees and orders

SAVINGS AND REPEALS

Section 29 : Savings

Section 30 : [Repealed]

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