The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980

The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 is an Indian law enacted to provide for the conservation of forests and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto.

Forest ConservationWildlife ProtectionCentral Government ApprovalAfforestationForest Development CorporationPenaltiesSpecial Courts


The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 was enacted to ensure the conservation of forests and the protection of wildlife. The Act restricts the de-reservation of forests or use of forestland for non-forest purposes without the prior approval of the Central Government. The Act also lays down provisions for the constitution of advisory committees to advise on matters related to the management of forests and the promotion of afforestation. It also empowers the State Governments to constitute a State Forest Development Corporation to undertake measures for the development of forestry and utilization of forest produce. The Act provides for penalties for contravention of its provisions and also sets out provisions for the establishment of Special Courts for the trial of offences under the Act.

Section 1 : Short title, extent and commencement

Section 2 : Restriction on the dereservation of forests or use of forest land for non-forest purpose

Section 2A : Appeal to National Green Tribunal

Section 3 : Constitution of Advisory Committee

Section 3A : Penalty for contravention of the provisions of the Act

Section 3B : Offences by authorities and Government departments

Section 4 : Power to make rules

Section 5 : Repeal and saving

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