The Employees Compensation Act, 1923

The Employees Compensation Act provides for the payment of compensation by employers to their employees or their dependents in the case of injury or death caused by an accident arising out of and in the course of employment.

Employees Compensation ActCompensation For EmployeesWorkplace AccidentsEmployer LiabilityDependents Compensation


The Employees Compensation Act, 1923 is an Indian law that aims to provide compensation to employees or their dependents in case of injury, disability, or death caused by an accident that arises out of and in the course of employment. The act covers all employees who are working under a contract of service or apprenticeship, whether the contract is express or implied, oral or written. The compensation provided under this act includes medical expenses, compensation for disability, and compensation for death. The act also provides for the establishment of Employees' Compensation Commissioners who have the authority to determine the amount of compensation payable to the employees or their dependents.


Section 1 : Short title, extent and commencement

Section 2 : Definitions


Section 3 : Employer's liability for compensation

Section 4 : Amount of compensation

Section 4A : Compensation to be paid when due and penalty for default

Section 5 : Method of calculating wages

Section 6 : Review

Section 7 : Commutation of half-monthly payments

Section 8 : Distribution of compensation

Section 9 : Compensation not to be assigned, attached or charged

Section 10 : Notice and claim

Section 10A : Power to require from employers statements regarding fatal accidents

Section 10B : Reports of fatal accidents and serious bodily injuries

Section 11 : Medical examination

Section 12 : Contracting

Section 13 : Remedies of employer against stranger

Section 14 : Insolvency of employer

Section 14A : Compensation to be first charge on assets transferred by employer

Section 15 : Special provisions relating to masters and seamen

Section 15A : Special provisions relating to captains and other members of crew of aircrafts

Section 15B : Special provisions relating to employees abroad of companies and motor vehicles

Section 16 : Returns as to compensation

Section 17 : Contracting out

Section 17A : Duty of employer to inform employee of his rights

Section 18 : [Repealed]

Section 18A : Penalties


Section 19 : Reference to Commissioners

Section 20 : Appointment of Commissioners

Section 21 : Venue of proceedings and transfer

Section 22 : Form of application

Section 22A : Power of Commissioner to require further deposit in cases of fatal accident

Section 23 : Powers and procedure of Commissioners

Section 24 : Appearance of parties

Section 25 : Method of recording evidence

Section 25A : Time limit of disposal of cases relating to compensation

Section 26 : Costs

Section 27 : Power to submit eases

Section 28 : Registration of Agreements

Section 29 : Effect of failure to register agreement

Section 30 : Appeals

Section 30A : [Omitted]

Section 31 : Recovery


Section 32 : Power of the State Government to make rules

Section 33 : [Repealed]

Section 34 : Publication of rules

Section 35 : Rules to give effect to arrangements with other countries for the transfer of money paid as compensation

Section 36 : Rules made by Central Government to be laid before Parliament

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