The Code on Wages, 2019

The Code on Wages, 2019 is a comprehensive legislation that aims to regulate and simplify wage and bonus payments in India.

The Code On WagesWage PaymentsBonus PaymentsLabor LawsOrganized SectorUnorganized SectorFloor WageOvertime WagesCentral Advisory BoardState Advisory Boards


The Code on Wages, 2019 is a landmark legislation that replaces four key labor laws governing wage and bonus payments in India. The act aims to regulate and simplify the payment of wages and bonuses, and ensure that workers receive timely and adequate compensation. It covers all employees in the organized as well as unorganized sectors, and establishes a statutory floor wage that will be determined by the central government. The act also introduces provisions for the payment of overtime wages, and makes it mandatory for employers to maintain registers of workers and wages. Additionally, it provides for the constitution of a Central Advisory Board and State Advisory Boards to advise the government on matters related to wages and bonus payments.

Section 1 : Short title, extent and commencement

Section 2 : Definitions

Section 3 : Prohibition of discrimination on ground of gender

Section 4 : Decision as to disputes with regard to same or similar nature of work

Section 5 : Payment of minimum rate of wages

Section 6 : Fixation of minimum wages

Section 7 : Components of minimum wages

Section 8 : Procedure for fixing and revising minimum wages

Section 9 : Power of Central Government to fix floor wage

Section 10 : Wages of employee who works for less than normal working day

Section 11 : Wages for two or more classes of work

Section 12 : Minimum time rate wages for piece work

Section 13 : Fixing hours of work for normal working day

Section 14 : Wages for overtime work

Section 15 : Mode of payment of wages

Section 16 : Fixation of wage period

Section 17 : Time limit for payment of wages

Section 18 : Deductions which may be made from wages

Section 19 : Fines

Section 20 : Deductions for absence from duty

Section 21 : Deductions for damage or loss

Section 22 : Deductions for services rendered

Section 23 : Deductions for recovery of advances

Section 24 : Deductions for recovery of loans

Section 25 : Chapter not to apply to Government establishments

Section 26 : Eligibility for bonus, etc

Section 27 : Proportionate reduction in bonus in certain cases

Section 28 : Computation of number of working days

Section 29 : Disqualification for bonus

Section 30 : Establishments to include departments, undertakings and branches

Section 31 : Payment of bonus out of allocable surplus

Section 32 : Computation of gross profits

Section 33 : Computation of available surplus

Section 34 : Sums deductible from gross profits

Section 35 : Calculation of direct tax payable by employer

Section 36 : Set on and set off of allocable surplus

Section 37 : Adjustment of customary or interim bonus against bonus payable under this Code

Section 38 : Deduction of certain amounts from bonus payable

Section 39 : Time limit for payment of bonus

Section 40 : Application of this Chapter to establishments in public sector in certain cases

Section 41 : Non-applicability of this Chapter

Section 42 : Central Advisory Board and State Advisory Boards

Section 43 : Responsibility for payment of various dues

Section 44 : Payment of various undisbursed dues in case of death of employee

Section 45 : Claims under Code and procedure thereof

Section 46 : Reference of disputes under this Code

Section 47 : Presumption about accuracy of balance sheet and profit and loss account of corporations and companies

Section 48 : Audit of account of employers not being corporations or companies

Section 49 : Appeal

Section 50 : Records, returns and notices

Section 51 : Appointment of Inspector-cum-Facilitators and their powers

Section 52 : Cognizance of offences

Section 53 : Power of officers of appropriate Government to impose penalty in certain cases

Section 54 : Penalties for offences

Section 55 : Offences by companies

Section 56 : Composition of offences

Section 57 : Bar of suits

Section 58 : Protection of action taken in good faith

Section 59 : Burden of proof

Section 60 : Contracting out

Section 61 : Effect of laws agreements, etc, inconsistent with this Code

Section 62 : Delegation of powers

Section 63 : Exemption of employer from liability in certain cases

Section 64 : Protection against attachments of assets of employer with Government

Section 65 : Power of Central Government to give directions

Section 66 : Saving

Section 67 : Power of appropriate Government to make rules

Section 68 : Power to remove difficulties

Section 69 : Repeal and savings

To read this Act offline, get our "Kanoon Library" Mobile App

Kanoon Library Android App - Play Store LinkKanoon Library iOS App - App Store Link